Why Do People Practice Fgm In Ethiopia?

What are reasons for practicing FGM in Ethiopia?

The distribution of FGM practice in Ethiopia is vary depending on ethnic origin and region [7]. It is clear that tradition, religion and social pressure are the main motives for performing FGM [12].

Is FGM practiced in Ethiopia?

Background. Female genital mutilation /cutting ( FGM /C) is a harmful traditional practice that violates the human rights of girls and women. It is widely practiced mainly in Africa including Ethiopia. There are a number of studies on the prevalence of FGM /C in Ethiopia.

What is female circumcision in Ethiopia?

PIP: The practices of female circumcision and infibulation in Ethiopia are discussed. Circumcision consists of excision of the clitoris, in some cases including the labia minorae. The operation is performed by a skilled woman anywhere from shortly after birth to the time of marriage, depending on the tribe.

How common is FGM in Ethiopia?

Prevalence of FGM FGM is practised across all regions, religions and ethnic groups in Ethiopia. FGM among women aged 15-49 is more prevalent in the east of the country, and the region with the highest prevalence is Somali, at 98.5%. The lowest prevalence is in Tigray, at 24.2%.

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What are common FGM in Ethiopia?

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised. Almost all FGM is carried out by ‘traditional practitioners’. Source of data: Central Statistical Agency (CSA) [ Ethiopia ] and ICF (2016) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016: Key Indicators Report.

Where is FGM illegal?

– Half of all girls who have undergone FGM or are at risk live in three countries – Egypt, Ethiopia and Nigeria – all of which have laws against FGM. – Chad, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Sudan, which are home to 16 million girls, have no law, meaning FGM is still effectively legal.

What is FGM?

Female genital mutilation ( FGM ) involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

When did FGM become illegal in Ethiopia?

FGM has been widely practiced in Ethiopia for years where it is regarded as a major public health problem and an important cause of maternal mortality and adverse birth outcomes [7–9]. In 2004, the Government of Ethiopia passed a law making it a criminal offence to perform or procure FGM in the country [10].

Is child marriage illegal in Ethiopia?

But while it is illegal for children under 18 to marry, and awareness of the law is increasing, millions of Ethiopian girls remain at risk of being wed as children – increasing their vulnerability to adolescent pregnancy, maternal mortality, gender-based violence and poverty.

What is female circumcision called in Africa?

Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation ( FGM ) or female genital cutting (FGC), is practiced in many countries spanning parts of Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

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Is mutilation a crime?

Maiming has often been a criminal offense; the old law term for a special case of maiming of persons was mayhem, an Anglo-French variant form of the word. Maiming of animals by others than their owners is a particular form of the offense generally grouped as malicious damage.

Is female circumcision legal in the US?

Federal law 18 U.S. Code § 116 ‘ Female Genital Mutilation ‘, as amended by the STOP FGM Act 2020, makes it illegal to perform FGM in the U.S. and was amended in 2013 to make it illegal to knowingly transport a girl out of the U.S. for the purpose of FGM.

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