What Natursl Geogrsphic Features Impact Ethiopia?

What are the geographical features of Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is a country rich in geographical diversity. It consists of rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus, deep gorges and river valleys. It is erosion, volcanic eruptions and tectonic movements over the ages that have contributed to the nations diverse topography.

Which geographic factor is more important to the climate of Ethiopia?

Importantly, Ethiopia’s climate varies with elevation (Fig. 3). Elevation is the most important determinant of the average annual temperature of the country with a reduction of 0.5–0.7 °C per 100 m increase in altitude (Liljequist, 1986).

What physical feature is dominant in Ethiopia?

The major physiographic features are a massive highland complex of mountains and plateaus divided by the Great Rift Valley and surrounded by lowlands along the periphery.

What are the major natural resources of Ethiopia?

Natural resources and land use Ethiopia has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, and natural gas. It has extensive hydropower potential. Of the total land area, about 20 percent is under cultivation, although the amount of potentially arable land is larger.

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What is Ethiopia famous for?

Ethiopia is known as the Cradle of Mankind, with some of the earliest ancestors found buried in the soil. Lucy (3.5 million years old), the most famous fossils found, were unearthed in Hadar. Ethiopia remains one of the only nations in Africa never to be colonized.

Why is Ethiopia important?

Ethiopia, Africa’s second most populous country, has suffered military rule, civil war, and catastrophic famine over the past half century. In recent years, it has emerged as a major power in the Horn of Africa, enjoying rapid economic growth and increasing strategic importance in the region.

What are the major factors that controls the climate of Ethiopia?

The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.

Is Ethiopia hot or cold?

Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.

Is Ethiopia a dry country?

The dry season runs from September through to March which is the best time to travel to Ethiopia. The long rains run from July through to the end of September. There are short rains in April and May called the belg which are nothing really to write home about.

What are the three main physiographic structure of Ethiopia?

physiography of Ethiopia These are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The Western Highlands are the most extensive and rugged topographic component of Ethiopia.

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Why does Ethiopia have no coastline?

ETHIOPIA became landlocked in 1992, when its Red Sea coast was lost to the new state of Eritrea. It lost access to its former ports soon afterwards. Since the outbreak of a vicious two-year war between the two countries in 1998, the Red Sea ports of Massawa and Assab have been off-limits to Ethiopian freight (see map).

What are the four main seasons in Ethiopia?

Ethiopian seasons:

  • Kiremt or Meher (summer) – June, July and August are the summer season.
  • Tseday (spring) – September, October and November are the spring season sometime known as the harvest season.
  • Bega (winter) – December, January and February are the dry season with frost in morning specially in January.

What are the 9 major rivers in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia has twelve lakes and nine major rivers with several tributaries. The Major Rivers Of Ethiopia.

Rank Major Rivers of Ethiopia Total Length
6 Atbarah 500 miles (shared with Sudan)
7 Omo 472 miles
8 Tekeze 378 miles (shared with Sudan and Eritrea)
9 Dawa 280 miles (shared with Kenya and Somalia)

What are the major problems of natural resource management in Ethiopia?

In Ethiopia, the intermingled action and reaction of high population growth, massive soil loss, deforestation, low vegetation coverage, unsustainable farming techniques, utilization of dung and crop residues for fuel, and overstocking of grazing lands are all considered as major drivers of land degradation (Tesfa and

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