What Natural Hazard Led To The Drought In Ethiopia?

What are natural hazards in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is vulnerable to climate change induced disasters such as drought, epidemics, flood, conflict, earthquake, pests, wildfire and landslide, amongst others. These different hazards occur with varying frequency and severity.

What caused the drought in Ethiopia?

In summary, climate change leading to global warming and reduced rainfall, coupled with population pressure, deforestation and change in land use are all major factors in the increasing risk of drought in Ethiopia.

What are the 5 natural hazards?

Natural hazards are naturally occurring physical phenomena caused either by rapid or slow onset events which can be geophysical (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis and volcanic activity), hydrological (avalanches and floods), climatological (extreme temperatures, drought and wildfires), meteorological (cyclones and

What caused the Ethiopian drought in 2015?

The areas of north and central Ethiopia suffered their worst drought in decades in 2015, a year marked by a strong El Niño. They found that El Niño made this rare drought even drier in the Kiremt season.

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What are Ethiopia’s natural resources?

Ethiopia has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, and natural gas. It has extensive hydropower potential.

What are the effects of man-made disasters?

Gas can directly and indirectly poison people and the environment — spreading rapidly, being unobserved, potentially igniting, causing death. Unfortunately, gas leaks are preventable man – made disasters that stem from the world’s expanding reliance on gas. These disasters have resulted in an egregious amount of deaths.

What are the major causes of drought?

Here are the 5 natural and human causes of drought:

  • 1) Land and water temperatures cause drought.
  • 2) Air circulation and weather patterns also cause drought.
  • 3) Soil moisture levels also contribute to drought.
  • 4) Drought can also be a supply and demand of water issue.

Is Ethiopia still in drought?

Ethiopia is in the grip of its worst drought in recent history. More than ten million people are in need of assistance according to the Government and humanitarian agencies. Acute malnutrition has risen sharply, and one quarter of Ethiopia’s districts are now officially classified as facing a nutrition crisis.

What is the main water resource problem in Ethiopia?

Similar to many African countries, parts of Ethiopia face water shortages, poor sanitation, and a lack of access to clean water sources. Ethiopia is located in Africa’s Horn where drought and politics are two leading causes of water shortage.

What are man made hazards examples?

Examples include industrial pollution, ionizing radiation, toxic wastes, dam failures, transport accidents, factory explosions, fires and chemical spills. Technological hazards also may arise directly as a result of the impacts of a natural hazard event.

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Which is not a natural hazard?

Notwithstanding the term ” natural,” a natural hazard has an element of human involvement. A physical event, such as a volcanic eruption, that does not affect human beings is a natural phenomenon but not a natural hazard. A natural phenomenon that occurs in a populated area is a hazardous event.

What natural hazards are there on Earth?

Among the natural hazards and possible disasters to be considered are:

  • Earthquakes.
  • Volcanic Eruptions.
  • Tsunami.
  • Landslides.
  • Subsidence.

What was the worst drought in Ethiopia?

The worst drought in decades gripped north and central Ethiopia in 2015, affecting nearly 10 million people. The dry conditions left hundreds of thousands of farmers with failed crops and weakened or dead livestock.

Which country has a drought?

Afghanistan, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka have reported droughts at least once in every three year period in the past five decades, while Bangladesh and Nepal also suffer from drought frequently.

What are the causes and consequences of drought?

A drought is caused by drier than normal conditions that can eventually lead to water supply problems. Really hot temperatures can make a drought worse by causing moisture to evaporate from the soil. Just because a region is hot and dry doesn’t necessarily mean it is going through a drought.

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