What Is The Most Common Disease In Ethiopia?

What is the most common cause of death in Ethiopia?

Malaria. Malaria is a leading cause of death and disease in many countries. Young children and pregnant women are the groups most affected.

What are some of communicable diseases that create major health problems in Ethiopia at least 10?

Communicable diseases are the main cause of health problems in Ethiopia.

Rank Diagnosis Percentage of all inpatient deaths
1 Pneumonia 12.4
2 Other or unspecified effects of external causes 7.1
3 Tuberculosis 7.0
4 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease 5.1

Which disease is eradicated from Ethiopia?

Each endemic country has its own national Guinea Worm Eradication Program. In Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Dracunculiasis Eradication Program (EDEP) which was established in 1993 has made remarkable move towards interruption of disease transmission and now the endgame is fast approaching.

What is health problems in Ethiopia?

The main health concerns in Ethiopia include mater- nal mortality, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS compounded by acute malnutrition and lack of ac- cess to clean water and sanitation.

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What are the 5 most common deadly diseases in Ethiopia?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What is the mortality rate in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia: Infant mortality rate from 2009 to 2019 (in deaths per 1,000 live births)

Characteristic Deaths per 1,000 live births
2019 36.5
2018 37.9
2017 39.5
2016 41.2

How are diseases controlled?

The infectious diseases may be prevented in one of two general ways: (1) by preventing contact, and therefore transmission of infection, between the susceptible host and the source of infection and (2) by rendering the host unsusceptible, either by selective breeding or by induction of an effective artificial immunity.

What are the methods used to control communicable diseases?

The control of communicable diseases depends on a healthy environment (clean water, adequate sanitation, vector control, shelter), immunization, and health workers trained in early diagnosis and treatment. Thanks to effective environmental health measures, epidemics following disasters are no longer common.

Why is the infant mortality rate so high in Ethiopia?

In Ethiopia, childhood mortality is often thought to be higher in rural areas than urban areas because of differences in standards of living, health conditions and availability of or access to public health facilities and services.

Does Ethiopia have healthcare?

Ethiopia’s health care system includes primary health centres, clinics, and hospitals. Only major cities have hospitals with full-time physicians, and most of the hospitals are in Addis Ababa. Access to modern health care is very limited, and in many rural areas it is virtually nonexistent.

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What is the population of Ethiopia?

Ethiopia 2020 population is estimated at 114,963,588 people at mid year according to UN data. Ethiopia population is equivalent to 1.47% of the total world population. Ethiopia ranks number 12 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.

Is malaria in Ethiopia?

Malaria is a risk in Ethiopia. Fill your malaria prescription before you leave and take enough with you for the entire length of your trip.

Is healthcare free in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia technically has free healthcare for all, which is provided by government-run hospitals. Private hospitals exist but as an option affordable to very few Ethiopians.

What are schools like in Ethiopia?

The Ethiopian school system consists of eight years of elementary education, divided into two cycles of four years, and four years of secondary education, divided into two stages of two years (4+4+2+2).

Why is there Malnutrition in Ethiopia?

Natural events such as droughts and floods usually trigger food insecurity in Ethiopia, where over 85 per cent of the population is dependent on rain-fed subsistence agriculture and livestock husbandry, resulting in an increased number of children with acute malnutrition.

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