Quick Answer: What Is Female Circumcision In Ethiopia?

What is the difference between male and female circumcision?

There is a significantly different intent of the two procedures. Male circumcision is done for cultural or religious reasons, but female circumcision reflects an underlying message about the status of women and an intention to affect their sexual function and behavior.

What are reasons for practicing FGM in Ethiopia?

The distribution of FGM practice in Ethiopia is vary depending on ethnic origin and region [7]. It is clear that tradition, religion and social pressure are the main motives for performing FGM [12].

Is female circumcision legal in Ethiopia?

FGM is a violation of human rights and has been prohibited in Ethiopia’s criminal code since 2004. FGM is now firmly on the global development agenda, most prominently through its inclusion in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 5.3, which aims to eliminate the practice by 2030.

What is female circumcision called in Africa?

Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation ( FGM ) or female genital cutting (FGC), is practiced in many countries spanning parts of Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

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Is a circumcision painful?

Circumcision can be done at any age. Traditionally, the most common time to do it is soon after your baby is born, or within the first month of life. Because the process is painful, a local anesthetic is used to numb the area and the surgery is performed while the baby is still awake.

Is female circumcision ethical?

The ethical principles that underlie the objections to FGM are autonomy, beneficence and non-maleficence. Since medical practitioners are rarely involved in the procedures, one might argue that cultural considerations override these precepts of modern medical bioethics.

What is FGM in Ethiopia?

Female genital mutilation/cutting ( FGM /C) is a harmful traditional practice that violates the human rights of girls and women. It is widely practiced mainly in Africa including Ethiopia. There are a number of studies on the prevalence of FGM /C in Ethiopia.

What are common FGM in Ethiopia?

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised. Almost all FGM is carried out by ‘traditional practitioners’. Source of data: Central Statistical Agency (CSA) [ Ethiopia ] and ICF (2016) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016: Key Indicators Report.

Where is FGM legal?

The legal status of female genital mutilation ( FGM ), also known as female genital cutting (FGC), differs widely across the world. Laws by country.

Country Sweden
Criminalised Specific anti- FGM law :26
Since 1982
Notes New law enacted in 1998. Specific national anti- FGM law which prohibits FGM. :26

94 

What is FGM?

Female genital mutilation ( FGM ) involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

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Is mutilation a crime?

Maiming has often been a criminal offense; the old law term for a special case of maiming of persons was mayhem, an Anglo-French variant form of the word. Maiming of animals by others than their owners is a particular form of the offense generally grouped as malicious damage.

Why is FGM practiced in Africa?

One of the cultural and religious reasons for justifying the practice of FGM /C is in the reduction of promiscuity and ensuring virginity before marriage. While attempting to achieve its presumed benefit through reduction in sexual drive and desire it has a negative impact on the overall woman’s sexual life.

Is female circumcision legal in the US?

Federal law 18 U.S. Code ยง 116 ‘ Female Genital Mutilation ‘, as amended by the STOP FGM Act 2020, makes it illegal to perform FGM in the U.S. and was amended in 2013 to make it illegal to knowingly transport a girl out of the U.S. for the purpose of FGM.

Is male circumcision mutilation?

Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis. In the most common procedure, the foreskin is opened, adhesions are removed, and the foreskin is separated from the glans. After that, a circumcision device may be placed, and then the foreskin is cut off.

Circumcision
MedlinePlus 002998
eMedicine 1015820

Is circumcision good or bad?

no risk of infants and children getting infections under the foreskin. easier genital hygiene. much lower risk of getting cancer of the penis (although this is a very rare condition and good genital hygiene also seems to reduce the risk. More than 10,000 circumcisions are needed to prevent one case of penile cancer)

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