Quick Answer: How Has The Goverment Played A Role In The Productive Sectors Of Ethiopia?

What is the role of the government in economic development?

It works as an agent of economic development. Governments provide the legal and social framework, maintain the competition, provide public goods and services, national defence, income and social welfare, correct for externalities, and stabilize the economy.

What is the economic policy of Ethiopia?

Since 1991, the Ethiopian government has embarked on a program of economic reform, including privatization of state enterprises and rationalization of government regulation. While the process is still ongoing, the reforms have attracted much-needed foreign direct investment.

What is the role of agricultural sector in Ethiopia?

Agriculture in Ethiopia is the foundation of the country’s economy, accounting for half of gross domestic product (GDP), 83.9% of exports, and 80% of total employment. Agriculture accounts for 46.3 percent of the nation’s Gross domestic Product (GDP), 83.9 percent of exports, and 80% of the labour force.

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What are the main drivers of economic growth in Ethiopia’s development model?

Ethiopia is driving economic growth through the government’s laser-like focus on sectors such as manufacturing, energy and infrastructure. A notable example can be found in the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) where Ethiopia plans to leverage the Blue Nile to become Africa’s largest exporter of electricity.

What are the four main roles of the government?

Terms in this set ( 4 )

  • Protect.
  • Keep Order.
  • Help Citizens.
  • Make Laws.

What is the main role of a government?

Governments provide the parameters for everyday behavior for citizens, protect them from outside interference, and often provide for their well-being and happiness. In the last few centuries, some economists and thinkers have advocated government control over some aspects of the economy.

What resources is Ethiopia known for?

Ethiopia has small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, and natural gas. It has extensive hydropower potential. Of the total land area, about 20 percent is under cultivation, although the amount of potentially arable land is larger.

What is Ethiopia’s main source of income?

Ethiopia’s economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for 46% of GDP and 85% of total employment. Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Which region is rich in Ethiopia?

According to the Ethiopian government portal, the Amhara Highlands receive 80% of the total rainfall of Ethiopia and is the most fertile and hospitable region of Ethiopia. The Amhara region is the location of Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, at Bahir Dar.

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What are the major problems in the agricultural sector of Ethiopia?

Key constraints to agricultural productivity in Ethiopia include low availability of improved or hybrid seed, lack of seed multiplication capacity, low profitability and efficiency of fertilizer use due to the lack of complimentary improved practices and seed, and lack of irrigation and water constraints.

What are the two widespread land uses in Ethiopia?

Land use: agricultural land: 36.3% (2011 est.) arable land: 15.2% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 1.1% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 20% (2011 est.)

What are Ethiopia’s major imports?

Ethiopia trade imports include food, animals, machinery, transport equipments, fuel, cereals, vehicles and textiles. China is the largest import partner for Ethiopia. It accounts for over 16% of the total import volumes, based on 2009 statistics.

Is Ethiopia the richest country in Africa?

Value of exports: $3.23 billion (2017 est.) Found in the horn of Africa, the landlocked country of Ethiopia split by the Great Rift Valley is the eight richest country in Africa.

Is Ethiopia poor or rich?

With more than 112 million people (2019), Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa after Nigeria, and the fastest growing economy in the region. However, it is also one of the poorest, with a per capita income of $850.

Why Ethiopia is not developed?

A lack of infrastructure and basic services, such as safe drinking water, education and healthcare, contribute to Ethiopia’s poverty as well. Malaria, HIV and other diseases often kill Ethiopia’s young residents who provide for their families.

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