Question: When Did Ethiopia Start Using Child Soldiers?

Does Ethiopia use child soldiers?

Thousands of children were recruited, many forcibly, during the recent border conflict with Eritrea. The absence of a system for verifying the age in Ethiopia exacerbates the problem of underage recruitment. Internal armed opposition groups have also been known to recruit children, some as young as 11 years old.

When were child soldiers first used?

The first modern use of child soldiers in the region was actually during the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. Iranian law, based on the Koranic sharia, had forbid the recruitment of children under 16 into the armed forces.

When were child soldiers first used in Africa?

The concentrated use of child soldiers seems to have began in Mozambique in the 1980s, but now has been reported in nearly a dozen nations featuring an estimated 120,000 children. They are forcibly taken, or volunteer when no other option exists.

What countries in Africa use child soldiers?

As of 2017, the UN listed that seven out of fourteen countries recruiting and using child soldiers in state forces or armed groups were in Africa: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan.

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Why are child soldiers bad?

Child soldiers are more often killed or injured than adult soldiers on the front line. They are less costly for the respective group or organization than adult recruits, because they receive fewer resources, including less and smaller weapons and equipment.

Why is child soldiers a problem in Africa?

It has already been determined that a major contributor to the problem of child soldiers is the widespread availability of relatively cheap but deadly small arms on the African continent.

Is killing child soldiers a war crime?

77.2), the convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (2002) all forbid state armed forces and non-state armed groups from using children under the age of 15 directly in armed conflict (technically “hostilities”). This is now recognised as a war crime.

Which country has the most child soldiers?

The Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Syria and Yemen currently have the largest number of child soldiers.

How many child soldiers die each day?

Conflict kills 300 children every day.

How many child soldiers have died in Africa?

A new study published on Friday found that as many as five million children in Africa under the age of five died as a result of armed conflict between 1995 and 2015.

Why do countries use child soldiers?

Tens of thousands of children are recruited and used as soldiers in armed conflicts around the world. Some children are abducted and beaten into submission, others join military groups to escape poverty, to defend their communities, out of a feeling of revenge or for other reasons.

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Are there child soldiers in Nigeria?

The Nigerian military official added that the recruitment of child soldiers “is the latest in a retinue of brutal and inhuman tactics deployed by Boko Haram” since it began its insurgency a decade ago.

How many child soldiers are in Africa today?

Based on the information contained in this report, the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers believes that more than 120,000 children under 18 years of age are currently participating in armed conflicts across Africa. Some of these children are no more than 7 or 8 years of age.

Does Sudan have child soldiers?

There are an estimated 19,000 child soldiers in South Sudan, one of the highest rates in the world, according to the U.N. Since the fighting broke out in 2013, the U.N. children’s agency has facilitated the release of more than 3,200 child soldiers from both government and opposition forces.

What are child soldiers called?

Child soldiers are any children under the age of 18 who are recruited by a state or non-state armed group and used as fighters, cooks, suicide bombers, human shields, messengers, spies, or for sexual purposes.

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