Question: What Languages Does Ethiopia Speak?

How many languages are in Ethiopia?

There are between 45 and 86 languages spoken in Ethiopia. Amharic is the government’s official language and a widely used lingua franca, but as of 2007, only 29% of the population reported speaking Amharic as their main language.

Is Amharic similar to Arabic?

Amharic is a Semitic language, like Arabic, and it has a similar structure of consonantal roots, with prefixes, suffixes, and inserted vowels that create the meaning. But other than this basic structure it is not even close to be mutually intelligible.

Who speaks Amharic language?

Amharic
Native to Ethiopia
Ethnicity Amhara
Native speakers 32,000,000 (2018) L2 speakers: 25,000,000
Language family Afro-Asiatic Semitic West Semitic South Semitic Ethiopic South Ethiopic Transversal South Ethiopic Amharic –Argobba Amharic

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Do Ethiopian speak French?

The two most widely spoken languages in Ethiopia are Oromo and Amharic. As a result, it has retained its own indigenous languages rather than importing a European language, like Portuguese or French, as the official language. Today, about 88 languages are spoken in Ethiopia, with about 77 being local languages.

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How do you say hello in Ethiopia?

A casual greeting is to say “Salam” ( Hello ).

What race is Ethiopian?

The Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans make up more than three-quarters (75%) of the population, but there are more than 80 different ethnic groups within Ethiopia. Some of these have as few as 10,000 members.

Is Arabic older than Amharic?

It is the official and working language of Ethiopia. Amharic is one of the Southern Semitic languages spoken in Ethiopia alongside Argoba, Tigrinya, Tigre, Geez, Guragenya, Siltee etc.. which are considered much older than the Northern Semitic languages such as Hebrew & Arabic, according to recent research findings.

Do Ethiopian Muslims speak Arabic?

Arabic, which also belongs to the Afroasiatic family, is spoken in some areas of Ethiopia. Many Muslim Ethiopians are also able to speak Arabic because of their religious background. English is the most widely spoken foreign language which is also taught in many schools.

Is Arabic hard to learn?

Arabic is another language with a non-Latin alphabet. There are also characteristics of spoken Arabic that make it hard to learn. Some of the sounds used don’t exist in other languages or are simply unfamiliar to English speakers, including sounds made in the back of your throat.

Which language is Amharic?

Amharic is an Afro-Asiatic language of the Southwest Semitic group and is related to Geʿez, or Ethiopic, the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox church; it also has affinities with Tigré, Tigrinya, and the South Arabic dialects.

What religion is Ethiopia?

Religion in Ethiopia consists of a number of faiths. Among these mainly Abrahamic religions, the most numerous is Christianity ( Ethiopian Orthodoxy, Pentay, Roman Catholic) totaling at 62.8%, followed by Islam at 33.9%. There is also a longstanding but small Jewish community.

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What is the difference between Amharic and English?

Amharic has a Subject-Object-Verb (SOV) word order, unlike English, which has Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) word order. Because of the rich morphology of Amharic, this is often true in many words or phrases. An example of this is the Amharic uses of the verb “go” in various forms.

What is the oldest language in Ethiopia?

Extinct as a vernacular language, Geʿez is the ancestor of the modern Tigrinya and Tigré languages of Eritrea and Ethiopia. The oldest known inscription in the language dates from the 3rd or 4th century and is written in a script that does not indicate vowels.

Was Ethiopia a French colony?

Ethiopian Empire In 1883, the French arrived in modern-day Djibouti and established a protectorate. The border between the French colony and Ethiopia would not be formalized until 1897. In 1907, Emperor Menelik II gave France its largest embassy in the world with 106 acres.

What percentage of Ethiopia speaks English?

The growth of tourism, a large part of the country’s draw, is a strong factor in the potential increase in English speakers. Ethiopia’s 78.25 million residents collectively speak up to 90 languages, and English is only spoken by 0.22% of them (171,712 people).

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