- 1 What cultures still practice female circumcision?
- 2 Is FGM practiced in Ethiopia?
- 3 Is female circumcision legal in Ethiopia?
- 4 What are reasons for practicing FGM in Ethiopia?
- 5 What does clitoridectomy mean?
- 6 Is female circumcision legal in all African countries?
- 7 What are common FGM in Ethiopia?
- 8 What is FGM?
- 9 When did FGM become illegal in Ethiopia?
- 10 What is female circumcision called in Africa?
- 11 Is mutilation a crime?
- 12 Where is FGM legal?
- 13 What are the health problems associated with FGM?
- 14 What are the social effects of FGM?
- 15 Why is FGM practiced in Africa?
What cultures still practice female circumcision?
– Countries where the practice is near universal include Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Egypt, Sierra Leone, Mali and Guinea. – There are several types of FGM. The ritual usually involves the partial or total removal of the external genitalia including the clitoris.
Is FGM practiced in Ethiopia?
Background. Female genital mutilation /cutting ( FGM /C) is a harmful traditional practice that violates the human rights of girls and women. It is widely practiced mainly in Africa including Ethiopia. There are a number of studies on the prevalence of FGM /C in Ethiopia.
Is female circumcision legal in Ethiopia?
FGM is a violation of human rights and has been prohibited in Ethiopia’s criminal code since 2004. FGM is now firmly on the global development agenda, most prominently through its inclusion in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 5.3, which aims to eliminate the practice by 2030.
What are reasons for practicing FGM in Ethiopia?
The distribution of FGM practice in Ethiopia is vary depending on ethnic origin and region . It is clear that tradition, religion and social pressure are the main motives for performing FGM .
What does clitoridectomy mean?
1. Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris, and in rare cases, only the prepuce. 2. Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora.
Is female circumcision legal in all African countries?
Of the 29 countries in Africa where female genital mutilation ( FGM ) is traditionally practiced, 26 have laws prohibiting FGM. Among African nations with laws prohibiting FGM, penalties range from monetary fines to a minimum of three months to life in prison. Others continue to struggle to enforce legislation.
What are common FGM in Ethiopia?
‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised. Almost all FGM is carried out by ‘traditional practitioners’. Source of data: Central Statistical Agency (CSA) [ Ethiopia ] and ICF (2016) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016: Key Indicators Report.
What is FGM?
Female genital mutilation ( FGM ) involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
When did FGM become illegal in Ethiopia?
FGM has been widely practiced in Ethiopia for years where it is regarded as a major public health problem and an important cause of maternal mortality and adverse birth outcomes [7–9]. In 2004, the Government of Ethiopia passed a law making it a criminal offence to perform or procure FGM in the country .
What is female circumcision called in Africa?
Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation ( FGM ) or female genital cutting (FGC), is practiced in many countries spanning parts of Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.
Is mutilation a crime?
Maiming has often been a criminal offense; the old law term for a special case of maiming of persons was mayhem, an Anglo-French variant form of the word. Maiming of animals by others than their owners is a particular form of the offense generally grouped as malicious damage.
Where is FGM legal?
The legal status of female genital mutilation ( FGM ), also known as female genital cutting (FGC), differs widely across the world. Laws by country.
|Criminalised||Specific anti- FGM law :26|
|Notes||New law enacted in 1998. Specific national anti- FGM law which prohibits FGM. :26|
What are the health problems associated with FGM?
There are no health benefits to FGM and it can cause serious harm, including:
- constant pain.
- pain and difficulty having sex.
- repeated infections, which can lead to infertility.
- bleeding, cysts and abscesses.
- problems peeing or holding pee in (incontinence)
- depression, flashbacks and self-harm.
Study level results suggested that women with FGM /C may be more likely than women without FGM /C to experience psychological disturbances (have a psychiatric diagnosis, suffer from anxiety, somatisation, phobia, and low self-esteem).
Why is FGM practiced in Africa?
One of the cultural and religious reasons for justifying the practice of FGM /C is in the reduction of promiscuity and ensuring virginity before marriage. While attempting to achieve its presumed benefit through reduction in sexual drive and desire it has a negative impact on the overall woman’s sexual life.