Often asked: · What Are Some Of The Major Health Issues In Ethiopia?

What are the most common diseases in Ethiopia?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What are the top 10 most common health issues?

Top 10 Most Common Health Issues

  • Physical Activity and Nutrition.
  • Overweight and Obesity.
  • Tobacco.
  • Substance Abuse.
  • HIV/AIDS.
  • Mental Health.
  • Injury and Violence.
  • Environmental Quality.

What are some of communicable diseases that create major health problems in Ethiopia at least 10?

Communicable diseases are the main cause of health problems in Ethiopia.

Rank Diagnosis Percentage of all inpatient deaths
1 Pneumonia 12.4
2 Other or unspecified effects of external causes 7.1
3 Tuberculosis 7.0
4 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease 5.1
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What kind of health system does Ethiopia have?

Ethiopia’s health service is structured into a three-tier system: primary, secondary and tertiary levels of care. The primary level of care includes primary hospitals, health centres and health posts.

What are the main causes of mortality in Ethiopia?

In Ethiopia, the top five leading causes of age-standardized premature mortality and death rates in 2015 were lower respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diarrheal disease, ischemic heart disease, and HIV/AIDS.

Which disease is eradicated from Ethiopia?

Each endemic country has its own national Guinea Worm Eradication Program. In Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Dracunculiasis Eradication Program (EDEP) which was established in 1993 has made remarkable move towards interruption of disease transmission and now the endgame is fast approaching.

What is the most important health issue today?

High Blood Pressure: The World’s Most Significant Killer High blood pressure (hypertension) is the number one risk factor for death worldwide, associated with over 7.6 million deaths annually, or 13.5% of all deaths.

What are some major health issues?

Top health concerns

  • obesity: 15%
  • cancer: 14%
  • diabetes: 2%
  • drug & alcohol abuse: 2%
  • heart disease: 1%
  • flu: 1%
  • mental illness: 1%
  • AIDS: 1%

What are health issues?

Health issue occurs when the normal metabolism of the body failed or altered due to pollutant, pathogen or other means that cause health problem which are considered as disease. Sometimes these issues could be genetic, in which the patient might inherit the disease causing gene from their parents.

What is the mortality rate in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia: Infant mortality rate from 2009 to 2019 (in deaths per 1,000 live births)

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Characteristic Deaths per 1,000 live births
2019 36.5
2018 37.9
2017 39.5
2016 41.2

What are the methods used to control communicable diseases?

The control of communicable diseases depends on a healthy environment (clean water, adequate sanitation, vector control, shelter), immunization, and health workers trained in early diagnosis and treatment. Thanks to effective environmental health measures, epidemics following disasters are no longer common.

How can a person’s immune system contribute to symptoms of disease?

White blood cells, antibodies, and other mechanisms go to work to rid your body of the foreign invader. Indeed, many of the symptoms that make a person suffer during an infection—fever, malaise, headache, rash—result from the activities of the immune system trying to eliminate the infection from the body.

Is healthcare in Ethiopia free?

Ethiopia technically has free healthcare for all, which is provided by government-run hospitals. Private hospitals exist but as an option affordable to very few Ethiopians.

Is healthcare good in Ethiopia?

Access to modern health care is very limited, and in many rural areas it is virtually nonexistent. The infant mortality rate is almost twice that of the world average. Common health concerns are lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, and HIV/AIDS.

Does Ethiopia have good hospitals?

Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia and it is a major trade, commercial and industrial center. Though there are a number of hospitals in the city, most of them lack required facilities and only a select few are able to deliver good medical services.

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