FAQ: What Will Happen If Ethiopia Damns The Nile?

Why is the Nile important to Ethiopia?

The river was a major source of the flooding of the Nile in Egypt that contributed to the fertility of the Nile Valley and the consequent rise of Ancient Egypt and Egyptian mythology. In November 2012, Ethiopia began construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, a 6000-megawatt hydroelectric dam on the river.

How will the Ethiopian dam affect Egypt?

For El Baradei, a favorable operating schedule for the dam is key to mitigating its environmental and economic impact on Egypt. “If Ethiopia fills the reservoir between five and seven- year intervals, then Egypt’s water share of Egypt will be decreased by somewhere from 12 to 25 percent during the filling period.

What happens if the Nile dried up?

By 2040, a hot and dry year could push over 45% of the people in the Nile Basin – nearly 110 million people – into water scarcity. Even without these developments, population growth would drive water scarcity in the Upper Nile. The Nile’s 11 riparian states vie with one another for the river’s water.

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Did Ethiopia dam the Nile?

A colossal dam is near completion on Ethiopia’s stretch of the Nile, a project so large that it promises to set the country on a path to industrialization that could lift tens of millions out of poverty. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam has stoked intense nationalistic fervor in both Ethiopia and Egypt.

Can you drink the water in Ethiopia?

Is the water safe to drink? The tap water is generally NOT safe to drink anywhere in Ethiopia. Bottled water or filtered water is readily available at tourist sites, hotels, safari camps & restaurants, and hot water (boiled to make it safe) or hot tea is generally offered with a meal at a restaurant.

Which country owns the Nile?

Today, however, Ethiopia is building the Grand Renaissance Dam and, with it, Ethiopia will physically control the Blue Nile Gorge—the primary source of most of the Nile waters.

Does the Nile river freeze?

The Nile River has never frozen over in recorded history. It is very difficult for a moving river, even a small one, to freeze over. The temperatures have to be very low (somewhere in the -25°C or lower range) for it to even be conceivable.

Who paid for Ethiopian dam?

Ethiopia has a potential for about 45 GW of hydropower. The dam is being funded by government bonds and private donations.

Who controls the Nile River?

Egypt entirely controls the river’s flow from the moment it crosses the border from Sudan and is captured by the High Aswan dam, built by Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser with Russian help in the 1960s.

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Is the Nile dying?

The Nile River, the longest in the world at 4,258 miles (6,853km), is shrinking in the face of several harsh environmental challenges. Finally, the desert encroaches ever further into the once-fertile Nile ecosystems and pollution poisons the water that remains.

Could the Nile dry up?

In harsh and arid seasons and droughts the Blue Nile dries out completely. The flow of the Blue Nile varies considerably over its yearly cycle and is the main contribution to the large natural variation of the Nile flow.

What month did the Nile flood?

The River Nile flooded every year between June and September, in a season the Egyptians called akhet – the inundation. Why did the Nile Flood?

Which is the largest dam in Africa?

On completion the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will be the largest dam in Africa: 1,800m long, 155m high and with a total volume of 74,000 million m³. The dam has a 15000 cubic metre per second spillway and a rockfill saddle dam 5km long and 50 metres high.

Why did they dam the Nile?

The dam is designed to control the Nile water for the expansion of cultivation and for the generation of hydroelectric power and to provide protection downstream for both crops and population against unusually high floods. The work began in 1959 and was completed in 1970.

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