FAQ: How Is Fgm Done In Ethiopia?

Is FGM practiced in Ethiopia?

Background. Female genital mutilation /cutting ( FGM /C) is a harmful traditional practice that violates the human rights of girls and women. It is widely practiced mainly in Africa including Ethiopia. There are a number of studies on the prevalence of FGM /C in Ethiopia.

What are reasons for practicing FGM in Ethiopia?

The distribution of FGM practice in Ethiopia is vary depending on ethnic origin and region [7]. It is clear that tradition, religion and social pressure are the main motives for performing FGM [12].

Is female circumcision legal in Ethiopia?

FGM is a violation of human rights and has been prohibited in Ethiopia’s criminal code since 2004. FGM is now firmly on the global development agenda, most prominently through its inclusion in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 5.3, which aims to eliminate the practice by 2030.

What is female circumcision in Ethiopia?

PIP: The practices of female circumcision and infibulation in Ethiopia are discussed. Circumcision consists of excision of the clitoris, in some cases including the labia minorae. The operation is performed by a skilled woman anywhere from shortly after birth to the time of marriage, depending on the tribe.

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What are common FGM in Ethiopia?

‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM practised. Almost all FGM is carried out by ‘traditional practitioners’. Source of data: Central Statistical Agency (CSA) [ Ethiopia ] and ICF (2016) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016: Key Indicators Report.

What is FGM?

Female genital mutilation ( FGM ) involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

Where is FGM legal?

The legal status of female genital mutilation ( FGM ), also known as female genital cutting (FGC), differs widely across the world. Laws by country.

Country Sweden
Criminalised Specific anti- FGM law :26
Since 1982
Notes New law enacted in 1998. Specific national anti- FGM law which prohibits FGM. :26

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When did FGM become illegal in Ethiopia?

FGM has been widely practiced in Ethiopia for years where it is regarded as a major public health problem and an important cause of maternal mortality and adverse birth outcomes [7–9]. In 2004, the Government of Ethiopia passed a law making it a criminal offence to perform or procure FGM in the country [10].

Why is FGM practiced in Africa?

One of the cultural and religious reasons for justifying the practice of FGM /C is in the reduction of promiscuity and ensuring virginity before marriage. While attempting to achieve its presumed benefit through reduction in sexual drive and desire it has a negative impact on the overall woman’s sexual life.

What is female circumcision called in Africa?

Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation ( FGM ) or female genital cutting (FGC), is practiced in many countries spanning parts of Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

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Is mutilation a crime?

Maiming has often been a criminal offense; the old law term for a special case of maiming of persons was mayhem, an Anglo-French variant form of the word. Maiming of animals by others than their owners is a particular form of the offense generally grouped as malicious damage.

Does female circumcision affect fertility?

Most of the infertile women and most of those in the control group had undergone some form of FGM. The researchers concluded that women with primary infertility were significantly more likely to have undergone the most extensive form of FGM (involving labia majora) than the controls.

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