Ethiopia’s history can be traced back some 400,000 years ago, as the general area is widely considered to be the grounds from which early Homo sapiens emerged. Unique among African countries, One of its earliest kingdoms, the kingdom of D’mt, was established during the 8th century BC, and after its collapse in the 4th century BC the Aksumite Empire, Zagwe dynasty and Solomonic dynasty all subsequently controlled the region. The Solomonic dynasty came into power during the 10th century AD, and ruled for many centuries with few interruptions.Legend has it that Emperor Menelik I, the son of the Queen of Sheba and king Solomon, brought the Ark of the Covenant from Jerusalem to Axum, where he settled and established one of the world’s longest known, uninterrupted monarchical dynasties.
This is the land of the fabled Queen of Sheba, home of the Ark of the Covenant, the birthplace of coffee, “Lucy “ the world oldest known almost –complete hominid skeleton ,more than three million years old ,was discovered here.Ethiopia has many Lake and Rivers most of which are amazingly beautiful, with the luxuriant vegetation surrounding those making gorgeous settings.
Ethiopia’s temperature is invigoratingly mild or even cool, having an average ranges between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Nights are invariably cool, requiring blankets for comfortable sleeping .There are two basic seasons in Ethiopia, the dry and the rainy, which the latter being divided into the “small rains” and “big rains”. The small rains which occur during February or March are generally intermittent showers with the sun always shining every day. The big rains which comprise approximately 80% of the total rain fall, extend from mid- June or July to late September .
Ethiopia’s economy is undergoing rapid and radical changes. The transition from a solely local agricultural economy to one embracing imports ,exports and manufacturing .in less than a generation ,has been a great step forward .Due to the country’s amazing agriculture capacity,
However, the economy is still a contrasting mixture of old and new. More than 85%of the population still engages in traditional subsistence agriculture while office building, factories and workshops are increasingly being built .A dynamic and profound transformation is under way.An important factor behind Ethiopia’s healthy economy is the government owned and controlled National Bank of Ethiopia.
More than 82 deference languages spoken in Ethiopia, most belong to the Semitic and Cushitic branches of the Afro-Asiatic family . The language of the Ethiopian church liturgy, Gecez, gave rise to the Semitic cluster of languages: Amharic is official language. English and Arabic are also spoken by many people.Ethiopia is a mosaic of people with more than 80 languages, different lifestyles, costumes and cultural dances. People’s livelihoods vary from pastoralists and farmers to factory workers ,business people and academics .Ethiopia has been called the land of thousand smiles visit us and you can be sure of great welcome ,a memorable holiday ,and the experience of lifetime.
The major religions are Christianity and Islam.
Bole international Airport ,Addis Ababa where as Bahir Dar ,Makale and Dire Dawa will soon start to serve as entry ports.
Dewele on the Djibouti a border.Arrivals undergo full customs and immigration checks. The railway ,with day and night ,runs from Addis Ababa to Djibouti via Adama (Nazaret) ,Awash station,and Dire-Dawa
Metema and Humera crossing from Sudan
Dewale and Gaafi crossing from D’jibouti
Toguchale ,teferi ber,kebir beyah and Dolo odo-crossing from Somalia
Moyale and Omoratie –crossing from Kenya
NB:- THERE ARE ONLY ENTRY POINTS AND NO VISA SERVICE AVAILABLE .VISA CAN BE OBTAINED FROM ETHIOPIA EMBASSIES ABROAD
The current currency is Ethiopian Birr ,made uo of 100 cents, Notes are issued in denominations of 1,5,10,50,and 100 birr. There are five different coins 1,5,25,and 50 cents.
Being relatively close to the equator, there is an almost constant twelve hours of daylight .In Addis Ababa the sunrise and sunset are at around 06.30 and 18.45 respectively.
Ethiopia uses 220 volts and 50hz.It is best to bring your own round ,two-prong adapter and transformer if necessary.
All visitors (including infants) are required to possess a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate. Vaccination against cholera is also required for any person who has visited or been in transit through a cholera-infected area within six days prior to arrival in Ethiopia. Malaria can be endemic in some parts of low land areas .Visitors should begin taking a recommended medication two weeks before their arrival and continue taking it for six weeks after their departure.
Medical facilities are improving and public and private medical centers are rapidly growing in number .There are quite a number of public hospitals, private medical institutions are recommended.
Ethiopia is three hours ahead of Greenwich mean time. Time remains constant throughout the year.The Ethiopian day is calculated in manner similar to many equatorial countries ,where day and night are always the same length: counting start at Western 6.00 a.m. and 6.00 p.m. Western 7.00 a.m is therefore one o’clock ,noon is six , 6.00 p.m is twelve o’ clock midnight, and soon.